Electric Fence Wire

The material most often used for electric fence is a wire made of smooth steel. This may be in the form of a fine, thin wire constructed in a single line electric fence, ranging to a thicker high-tensile wire in a multiple wire electric fence. Usually, my family used a single electric fence wire on our electric fences.electric fencing

Occasionally, we used barbed wire for our electric fences. This was probably because my dad was quite frugal. This could be criticized, however, he was often ahead of schedule on his loan repayments to the Farmer’s Home Administration because he was so frugal. The barb wire was probably used because we had old, or extra barb wire available. This saved my dad from having to purchase new electric fence wire.

So, barbed wire fences can be used as electric fence wire, however, this practice can be potentially hazardous. This is the possibility that a person or animal becomes caught by the fencing material. I have had to remove wire from cattle who have had their legs become entangled in the barb wire.

A newer product is synthetic webbing or rope-like fencing materials. These are woven with extremely fine conducting wires, normally containing stainless steel. These have become available since I was living on a dairy farm, during the last 15 to 20 years. They are particularly useful for areas which require increased visibility, and as temporary fencing.

The electrified fence itself must be kept insulated from the earth and from any materials that will conduct electricity, burn, or short out the fence. Thus, fencing must avoid vegetation, and cannot be attached directly to wood or to metal posts. Typically, wood or metal posts are driven into the ground, plastic or porcelain insulators are attached to the posts, and fencing material is attached to the insulators. Other techniques include using fence posts made of non-conducting synthetic materials.